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1 <HTML>
2 <HEAD>
3 <TITLE>ASCEND HELP</TITLE>
4 </HEAD>
5 <BODY>
6 <!---
7 Last modified by $Author: ballan $ on $Date: 1996/09/12 00:38:23 $
8 --->
9 <!---LINK_BACK_TO_MAIN_HELP_PAGE_TOP--->
10 <H1>utilities menu</H1>
11 <LI><a href="#ascendhelp.path">ASCENDHELP path</a>
12 <LI><a href="#scratch.directory">Scratch directory</a>
13 <LI><a href="#working.directory">Working Directory</a>
14 <LI><a href="#text.edit.command">Text edit command</a>
15 <LI><a href="#postscript.viewer">Postscript viewer</a>
16 <LI><a href="#bug.mail.command">Bug mail command</a>
17 <LI><a href="#plot.program.name">Plot program name</a>
18 <LI><a href="#plot.file.type">Plot file type</a>
19 <LI><a href="#text.print.command">Text print command</a>
20 <LI><a href="#www">Help mail command</a>
21 <LI><a href="#font.selector">Font selector</a>
22 <LI><a href="#spreadsheet.command">Spreadsheet command</a>
23 <PRE>
24 Last $Author: ballan $
25 </PRE>
26 Utilities is a window which displays and allows modification of the global
27 variables which control the interaction of ASCEND with UNIX.
28 Below are explanations of the buttons and then some of the options.
29 <p>
30
31 <pre>
32 Buttons:
33 OK: This will close the window. If the sanity checks fail, the window
34 will not close. Currently the only sanity checks are that the
35 Scratch directory and Working directory must exist out in UNIXland.
36 Save: This writes the current set of options to a file called
37 ~/.ascend-config. (~ is your home directory.) ~/.ascend-config is
38 read on starting ASCEND to get your UNIX defaults.
39 EXCEPTION: The variables with names in ALL CAPS, e.g. PRINTER, are
40 UNIX environment variables. You may change them interactively, but
41 their interactive values are NOT saved. Your environment variables
42 are typically set in your .login, .profile, .[ba,c]shrc, or .environ
43 file and are used by programs other than ASCEND.
44 Read: Fetches the values in ~/.ascend-config. This is in case you want to
45 edit ~/.ascend-config by hand while running ASCEND or you want to
46 verify that the changes you saved were properly saved.
47 More: Rotates you through the pages of options. (2 at present.)
48 Help: Is how you got here.
49 </pre>
50 <p>
51
52
53 <a name="WWW">
54 <H2>WWW stuff</H2>
55 We need the WWW variables explained here.
56 <p>
57
58 <a name="scratch.directory">
59 <H2>Scratch directory</H2>
60 Typically this is /tmp or /usr/tmp but it can be any existing directory you
61 have write access to.
62 The scratch directory is used to write temporary and plot files ASCEND
63 creates. The temporary files are automatically deleted before you leave
64 ASCEND, but the plot files are not (since people often want to save plots.)
65 Other users on your system may be disturbed if you clog up /tmp with
66 plot files.
67 <a name="working.directory">
68 <H2>Working Directory</H2>
69 Typically this is the directory you start ASCEND from but it can be any
70 existing directory you have write access to. Our handling of the
71 working.directory is a bit flakey at the moment because the commandline
72 allows the user to cd without telling the rest of the interface about it.
73 Intermediate files are sometimes written to working.directory.
74
75 <a name="text.edit.command">
76 <H2>Text edit command</H2>
77 This is a command to spawn your favorite text file editor.
78 The default is vi in an xterm, but you can change it to your
79 favorite flavor of emacs or whatever you like. Only one of us
80 here actually uses vi, but since he wrote the Utilities window
81 code he chose the default.
82
83 <a name="postscript.viewer">
84 <H2>Postscript viewer</H2>
85 This allows you to specify your systems command for looking at Postscript
86 files. Some ASCEND concepts are only rapidly communicable by pictures and
87 we do such documentation via PostScript files. Ghostview (aka gv) is the
88 viewer around here. (CMU)
89
90 <a name="plot.program.name">
91 <H2>Plot program name</H2>
92 This is the name of your plotting program. It should be able to take
93 the file type given in plot.file.type as input.
94
95 <a name="plot.file.type">
96 <H2>Plot file type</H2>
97 The supported plot types are: plain_plot, gnu_plot, and xgraph_plot.
98 (These may be abbreviated xgraph, gnu, and plain.)
99 If you do not have gnu-plot or xgraph or xmgr, try selecting
100 plain_plot and seeing if the output will work with your own
101 plotting package. Gnu-plot, xgraph, and xmgr are all available
102 for free on the net. We are not experts in building any of these
103 3 packages.
104
105 <a name="text.print.command">
106 <H2>Text print command</H2>
107 <p>
108 <pre>
109 Printing to a file:
110 Set the print command to be
111 > filename.you.want cat
112
113 <p>
114
115 Printing to a printer:
116 lpr -Pprintername
117
118 <p>
119
120 Landscape printing:
121 xa2ps -Ppostscriptprintername
122 enscript -2rGPpostscriptprintername
123 <p>
124
125 You may safely omit the -P[postscript]printername part of
126 these commands if you normally do so in your Unix shell.
127 Note that ASCEND (TCL, really) does not know about your
128 Unix environment aliases.
129 <p>
130
131 Printing from the probe or the display execute.print buttons
132 to Unix is done by TCL executing a script consisting of
133 $printcommand $scratchfilename.
134 where $printcommand is the string you've set on the utilities page
135 and $scratchfilename is set by ASCEND internally.
136 <p>
137
138 </pre>
139 <a name="font.selector">
140 <H2>Font selector</H2>
141 This is a program that allows you to interactively determine font
142 names available to ASCEND. The default (xfontsel) is the only
143 program we know of which does this properly. (Xfontsel has it's own
144 set of bugs, so we suggest you tamper with nothing to the right of
145 ptSz on the xfontsel widget.) Once you have found fonts you like with
146 xfontsel, you may wish to set the Font values in ~/.ascend.ad.
147 Beware: fonts are Xserver dependent. The fonts available on one workstation
148 often differ from those on another. ASCEND will make some substitution
149 for unavailable fonts if it can, but the results are not always pretty.
150 In at least one case we have found the default ASCEND comes up with to
151 be Katakana (a Japanese typeface.) We find most machines know some sort
152 of helvetica font.
153
154 <a name="spreadsheet.command">
155 <H2>Spreadsheet command</H2>
156 We have not been content with any of the free UNIX spreadsheet programs.
157 The thing to be done is to write out the desired variables as columns
158 of numbers suitable for import to any spreadsheet. Nobody gets PhD
159 points for doing this code, so it's not done yet. If you want to
160 do it, let us know and we'll be happy to consult. ballan@cs.cmu.edu
161 has pseudocode for this laying around someplace.
162 <p>
163
164 <!---LINK_BACK_TO_MAIN_HELP_PAGE_BOTTOM--->
165 </BODY>
166 </HTML>

john.pye@anu.edu.au
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