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3  WARNING  Thanks for downloading ASCEND! We hope you'll find it straight-
4  Much of this document is out of date. Please consult the following  forward to set up and run ASCEND. If you have any comments on
5  webpage for the current information. Presently you can build ASCEND  your experience with this, we're very keen to hear about that.
6  with both autotools (cd ~/src/ascend/trunk/base/autotools && autoconf &&  Please check out the up-to-date contact details at:
7  ./reconfig && make) and Jam (cd ~/src/ascend/trunk/base/autotools  https://pse.cheme.cmu.edu/wiki/view/Ascend/WebHome
8  && ./reconfig && cd ~/src/ascend/trunk/jam && jam).  
9    There are older versions of this document, which include instructions
10  We now recommend building ASCEND with Tcl/Tk 8.3.5.  on how to build ASCEND with GNU Autotools. This may or may not work
11    with the version are currently looking at.
12  https://pse.cheme.cmu.edu/wiki/view/Ascend/Jam  https://pse.cheme.cmu.edu/svn-view/ascend/code/trunk/INSTALL?view=log
14  ========================================================================  -----
15                             UNIX Installation  BUILDING ON LINUX AND WINDOWS
16  ========================================================================  
17    To build ASCEND we now recommend using SCons. This is supported
18      These are the instructions for building and installing release 0.9  both on Windows (using the MinGW toolset) and Linux.
19  of the ASCEND IV mathematical modeling environment on a UNIX system.  
20  For Windows, you can download precompiled binaries from our web site:  ASCEND provides two possible interfaces. The older, more mature
21      http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~ascend/  GUI is based on Tcl/Tk. A newer interface that is more in keeping
22    with modern GUI design is implemented using PyGTK, but it is still
23  Executive summary version  missing some functionality.
24  =========================  
25    Using SCons 0.96.91 or newer, see your build options by typing
26      If your system meets the requirements 2 through 5 below, and if  
27  all those pieces lists are installed in the usual places      scons -Qh
28  (/usr/local,/usr/bin/,/usr/lang, etc) you can probably build ASCEND by  
29  typing at the unix prompt (%):  You can add your build options to a file in this directory
30          % ./configure  which you can create, called 'config.py'.
31          % cd ascend4   <--- remember to `cd'  
32          % make  Then to build ASCEND, type
33          % bin/ascend4  <--- runs the program if make doesn't die.  
34        scons
35      When ASCEND starts, you will see a lot of startup messages, and  
36  finally you should see something like:  SCons will tell you what version(s) of ASCEND it is able to build.
37          Reading utilities  The PyGTK interface requires Python (which is present if you have
38          Interface Loaded.  SCons). The Tcl/Tk interface requires that you have Tcl/Tk and
39            TkTable installed on your system.
40          -----------------------------------  
41          User data directory is /usr0/ballan/ascdata  For updates on this information, please check
42          -----------------------------------  https://pse.cheme.cmu.edu/wiki/view/Ascend/BuildingAscend
44      If the above does not work, you'll need to  For specific information on building the Python interface and
45          % make distclean  setting up the PyGTK GUI, please see
46  in the ascend4 directory, then work through the detailed instructions  https://pse.cheme.cmu.edu/wiki/view/Ascend/PythonWrapper
47  contained in this file.  
48    ------
49      Otherwise, after you've used ASCEND a little bit without  INSTALLING ON LINUX
50  experiencing any run-time problems, you can boost its performance by  
51  building an optimized version:  To then install ASCEND, you will need to have write access to the
52          % cd ascend4  directories INSTALL_DATA, INSTALL_BIN as specified in your
53          % make distclean  SCons configuration. You can then type
54          % cd ..  
55          % ./configure --enable-optimization      scons install
56          % cd ascend4  
57          % make  ------
58          % bin/ascend4    INSTALLING ON WINDOWS
60      In fact, if you're a trusting soul and are *sure* Tk, F77, etc are  More details to come here. For the PyGTK GUI, you can install
61  all installed properly, you can use --enable-optimization from the  ASCEND by running the 'create.nsi' script (using the NSIS
62  beginning.  installer-creator from http://nsis.sf.net/ which is free)
63    then running the created installation package.
64  Requirements  
65  ============  ------
67      To build and run ASCEND, you need  
68      1.  Some flavor of UNIX.  This release of ASCEND has been built on  Many users prefer to keep their systems clear of unpackaged
69          the following platforms:  software. For this reason, we aim to provide the ability to build
70          - DEC Alpha running OSF/Digital Unix 3.2, 4.0  SCons as an RPM package. If you are in your home directory, type
71          - HP9000/700 running HP-UX 9.05, 10.20  
72          - IBM PowerPC running AIX 3.2, 4.2      rpmbuild -ta ascend-NNNNN.tar.bz2
73          - Intel x86 running RedHat Linux 4.2, 5.2, 6.1  
74          - Intel x86 running NetBSD 1.1  This will pull out the 'spec' from from the source package,
75          - SGI Indy running Irix 6.2  which hopefully will be up to date in correspondance with the
76          - Sun Sparc running SunOS 4.1.x  package version number NNNNN.
77          - Sun Sparc running Solaris 2.5  
78      2.  An ANSI-C compiler and C libraries that support ANSI C.  You will then be able to install ASCEND using something like
79      3.  X11.  This release of ASCEND has only been built on X11r6.  
80      4.  Tcl/Tk 8.0.5 built and installed on your system.  The official      rpm -i ~/rpm/ascend-NNNNN-0.jdpipe.i386.rpm
81          Tcl/Tk 8.0 web site is off of the Scriptics Home Page:  
82              http://www.scriptics.com/  Debian/Unbuntu users should find that they can create a usable
83          To download Tcl/Tk 8.0 or patches, visit  .deb package using the tool 'alien'. We haven't got native
84              http://www.scriptics.com/download/8.0.html  support for the generation of .deb packages at this stage.
85          Tcl/Tk 8.1 is still an alpha release, and we have not tested  
86          ASCEND with that preliminary release of Tcl/Tk 8.1.  ------
87      5.  Tktable v2.5 built and installed on your system, which is  GETTING SUPPORT AND FURTHER INFORMATION
88          available from the ASCEND web site and from  
89              http://www.hobbs.wservice.com/tcl/capp/tkTable  For support with ASCEND, details of mailing lists and other
90          or indirectly from  useful information, please visit
91              ftp://ftp.cs.uoregon.edu/pub/tcl/tkTable/tkTable1.80.tar.gz  
92              http://www.scriptics.com in the  ASCEND user's website:
93          Resources / Extensions section.  http://ascend.cheme.cmu.edu/
94      6.  yacc or bison.  
95      Recommend (but not required) tools are  ASCEND developer's wiki:
96      7.  The flex lexer, version 2.4.1 or later.  https://pse.cheme.cmu.edu/wiki/view/Ascend/WebHome
     8.  A FORTRAN compiler (You can build ASCEND without a FORTRAN  
         compiler, but you may lose some functionality.  See below.)  
     9.  xgraph, a graphing program; available from the ASCEND web site.  
     ASCEND comes with a `configure' script to help you build ASCEND on  
 your favorite platform.  However, the configure script is not perfect  
 and UNIX systems vary widely, so take some time to read through this  
 file to see what you must do to have ASCEND successfully build on your  
     The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for  
 various system-dependent variables used during compilation.  It uses  
 those values to create a `Makefile' in each directory of the ASCEND  
 source tree and a `ConfigAscend' file in the ascend4 directory.  Also,  
 it creates a shell script `config.status' that you can run in the future  
 to recreate the current configuration of Makefiles, and a file  
 `config.log' containing compiler output (useful mainly for debugging  
     The file `configure.in' is used to create `configure' by a program  
 called `autoconf'.  You only need `configure.in' if you want to change  
 it or regenerate `configure' using a newer version of `autoconf'.  The  
 `configure.in' that comes with ASCEND was designed to use version 2.12  
 of `autoconf'. 2.13 is known not to work with configure.in.  
     The following instructions assume you have down loaded the files  
 from the ASCEND web site into the directory where you plan to build  
 ASCEND; we'll call that directory BUILD_DIR.  
     These instructions also assume you have down loaded the files  
 from http://www.scriptic.com into the directory where you plan to build  
 ASCEND, OR that you work on a system where tcl/tk 8.0.5 is installed,  
     such as Redhat Linux 6.x or late 5.x.  
     Unpacking all the above files in the build directory creates the directories  
     The simplest way to compile this package is:  
     1.  Build and install Tcl v8.0.5.  If Tcl v8.0.5 is already  
         installed, go to the next step; otherwise obtain the Tcl v8.0.5  
         distribution, unpack it, and build it following the directions  
         in the distribution.  A summary of the steps to build Tcl are:  
       1a. `cd' into the `tcl8.0/unix' directory.  
       1b. Type `./configure' to configure Tcl's Makefile.  If you want  
           to install Tcl in a directory other than `/usr/local', pass  
           that directory in the `--prefix' argument to `configure'.  For  
                 ./configure --prefix=/full/install/path  
           If you do not plan to install ASCEND, a reasonable value for  
           the `--prefix' option is the ascend4 directory in the ASCEND  
           distribution, i.e.,  
                 ./configure --prefix=BUILD_DIR/ascendiv-0.9/ascend4  
       1c. Type `make' to build Tcl.  
       1d. Type `make test' to test Tcl (optional).  
       1e. Type `make install' to install Tcl into the directory you  
           specified in the `--prefix' argument.  If you do not want to  
           install the man pages, issue the command  
                 make install-binaries install-libraries  
           to install only the binaries, the header file, and the *.tcl  
       1f. Do NOT `make clean' until after you have made the Tk library.  
       1g. If you run into problems building Tcl, please consult the Tcl  
     2.  Build and install Tk v8.0.5.  If Tk v8.0.5 is already installed,  
         go to the next step; otherwise obtain the Tk v8.0.5  
         distribution, unpack it, and build it following the directions  
         in the distribution.  A summary of the steps to build Tk are:  
       2a. `cd' into the `tk8.0/unix' directory.  
       2b. Type `./configure' to configure Tk's Makefile.  You should use  
           the same value for `--prefix' here as you did when building  
       2c. Type `make' to build Tk.  
       2d. Type `make test' to test Tk (optional).  
       2e. Type `make install' to install Tk into the directory you  
           specified with the `--prefix' argument.  If you do not want to  
           install the man pages, issue the command  
                 make install-binaries install-libraries  
           to install only the binaries, the header file, and the *.tcl  
       2f. You can now `make clean' to remove the object files, library,  
           and executable.  You can also `cd' into the `tcl8.0/unix'  
           directory and `make clean' there.  
       2g. If you run into problems building Tk, please consult the Tk  
     3.  Build and install TkTable v2.5.  If TkTable v2.5 is already  
         installed, go to the next step; otherwise obtain the TkTable  
         v2.5 distribution, unpack it, and build it following the  
         directions in the distribution, except as noted below.  A summarya  
         of the steps to build TkTable are:  
       3a. `cd' into the `Tktable2.5/src' directory.  
       3b. Type `./configure' to configure TkTable's Makefile.  You  
           should use the same value for `--prefix' here as you did when  
           building Tcl and Tk. If you are using a stock redhat linux where  
           tcl/tk are installed in /usr instead of /usr/local, type  
           `./configure  --prefix=/usr --with-tcl=/usr/lib --with-tk=/usr/lib'  
       3c. Type `make clean; make' to build TkTable.  
       3d. Type `make install' to install TkTable into the directory you  
           specified with the `--prefix' argument. You may need to su to root.  
       3e. You can now `make clean' to remove the object files, and  
       3f. If you run into problems building TkTable, please consult the  
           TkTable distribution.  
     4.  `cd' to the `ascendiv-0.9' directory and type `./configure' to  
         configure ASCEND for your system.  If you're using `csh' on an  
         old version of System V, you might need to type `sh ./configure'  
         instead to prevent `csh' from trying to execute `configure'  
         Running `configure' takes awhile.  While running, it prints some  
         messages telling which features it is checking for.  
         See below for arguments to pass to `configure' and for  
         explanations of the and error messages `configure' may produce.  
     5.  `cd' into the `ascend4' directory and type `make'.  This will  
         build any FORTRAN libraries that `configure' didn't find  
         (assuming `configure' found a FORTRAN compiler) before it builds  
     6.  Once `make' successfully completes, typing `bin/ascend4' should  
         start ASCEND.  Note that your `DISPLAY' environment variable  
         will need to be set to run ASCEND.  
         In the `Script' window you will see the License and Warranty for  
         ASCEND.  Please read it.  
     7.  If you have built ASCEND for your personal use, you can continue  
         to run ASCEND from the build directory.  If you want to install  
         ASCEND elsewhere so that others may use it or to free disk  
         space, type `make install' which will install the ascend binary  
         (ascend4), the ASCEND tcl support files (found in the TK  
         directory), and the ASCEND models (found in the models  
     8.  You can remove the program binaries and object files from the  
         source code directory by typing `make clean'.  To also remove  
         the files that `configure' created (so you can compile the  
         package for a different kind of computer), type  
         `make distclean'.  
 Compilers and Options  
     Some systems require unusual options for compilation or linking that  
 the `configure' script does not know about.  You can give `configure'  
 initial values for variables by setting them in the environment.  Using  
 a Bourne-compatible shell, you can do that on the command line like  
       CC=c89 CFLAGS=-O2 LIBS=-lposix ./configure  
 Or on systems that have the `env' program, you can do it like this:  
       env CPPFLAGS=-I/usr/local/include LDFLAGS=-s ./configure  
     Some systems (notably newer egcs-based systems) require a little  
 manual intervention to find the right f77 support library. You may need  
 to give configure the full path for libf2c/libg2c depending on what you  
 have installed. This can happen even if configure found f77/g77 ok.  
 For additional help with FORTRAN, see section "Warnings and Errors  
 Generated by Configure." You may also need to set (for the build only)  
 the environment variable CC with the value so that configure picks up  
 the C compiler that matches your f77.  
 Warnings and Errors Generated by Configure  
     Most of the time `configure' will work properly and no intervention  
 is needed.  We have developed `configure' to work around common  
 problems, in which case it prints a warning and goes on.  These common  
 problems include:  
     * You do not have a recent version of the `flex' lexer.  
       In this case, `configure' will set up the Makefiles to use  
       pregenerated C files instead of running `flex' on the input files  
       ascend4/compiler/scanner.l and ascend4/interface/typelex.l.  If  
       you have `flex' version 2.4.1 or newer and `configure' cannot find  
       it, set the `LEX' environment variable to the full path of your  
       `flex' program and run `configure' again.  
     * You do not have a FORTRAN77 compiler.  
       For this case, `configure' disables use of the LSODE integrator,  
       so you will not be able to integrate with ASCEND.  If you have a  
       Fortran compiler that `configure' is not finding, re-run  
       `configure' with the option --with-fortran=COMPILER,LIBRARIES  
       where COMPILER is your Fortran compiler and LIBRARIES are any  
       libraries it needs.  For example, under SunOS:  
         configure --with-fortran='/usr/lang/f77,-L/usr/lang/lib -lF77 -lM77'  
       If you have GNU Fortran compiler installed as `g77', configure  
       should do the right thing.  If you have it installed as `f77',  
       configure may become confused because it look for the wrong set of  
       libraries.  In this case, run configure with the argument  
         configure --with-fortran='g77,-lf2c'  
       If you have an old redhat f77 or f2c, you may want something like:  
         configure \  
 --with-fortran='f77,-L/usr/lib/gcc-lib/i386-redhat-linux/egcs-2.90.29 -lf2c'  
     * Cannot find CONOPT library nor source code.  
       CONOPT is proprietary, so we cannot distribute it, but we do  
       distribute an interface to it.  To build with CONOPT, run  
       `configure' with the option --with-conopt=CONOPTLIB where  
       CONOPTLIB is the location of your CONOPT library.  For example:  
         configure --with-conopt=/export/conopt/lib/libconsub.a  
     There are problems which `configure' lists as fatal errors because  
 these problems prevent you from building ASCEND.  Those problems are:  
     * Cannot find ANSI C compiler.  
       We have written ASCEND in ANSI C; you'll need a compiler that  
       understands ANSI C and C libraries that implement ANSI C features  
       in order to build ASCEND.  If you have an ANSI compiler that  
       `configure' is not finding, set the `CC' environment variable to  
       its location and run configure again.  If you still get the error,  
       please make sure your compiler understands ANSI C and send us mail  
       so we can fix `configure'.  Note that `gcc' understands ANSI C, so  
       run `configure' with the `--enable-gcc' argument which allows  
       `configure' the search for `gcc'.  Also note when using `gcc'  
       under SunOS 4.1.x the link phase will fail, since the standard  
       SunOS 4.1.x setup does not provide ANSI C libraries.  
     * Cannot find compatible Tcl/Tk library or header.  
       ASCEND needs Tcl v8.0 and Tk v8.0 compatible library files and  
       header files.  If you have built and installed Tcl and Tk 8.0 and  
       `configure' cannot find them, run configure again with the  
       arguments `--with-tcl=TCL_LIB,TCL_HEADER' where TCL_LIB is the  
       location of the Tcl library, and TCL_HEADER is the location of the  
       Tcl header file; a similar `--with-tk' argument exists.  For  
         configure --with-tcl='-L/usr/local/lib -ltcl,/usr/local/include/tcl.h' \  
                   --with-tk='-L/usr/local/lib -ltk,/usr/local/include/tk.h'  
 ASCEND Specific Options for Configure  
     `configure' accepts several options.  Type `configure --help' for a  
 full list.  Options of particular interest when building ASCEND are:  
         By default, `configure' uses the environment variable `CC', then  
         `cc', `c89', `xlf', and `acc' when searching for an ANSI C  
         compiler. This option tells `configure' to use the environment  
         variable `CC', next to look for `gcc', and then to consider the  
         other compilers as listed above when it is trying to locate an  
         ANSI C compiler.  
         By default, `configure' sets `CFLAGS' such that the C files are  
         built with debugging information (-g).  This option turns off  
         debugging and turns on optimization and NDEBUG (-O -DNDEBUG=1).  
         If `configure' finds the `models' source directory, it will  
         descend into it and create Makefiles. With this option,  
         `configure' does not create Makefiles in the `models' directory.  
         If there is no `models' source directory, this option has no  
         effect.  The only purpose for the Makefiles in the `models'  
         directory is to allow the `make install' target to work.  
         Same as the `--without-models' option except is applies to the  
         `TK' subdirectory.  
 Compiling For Multiple Architectures  
     You can compile ASCEND for more than one kind of computer at  
 the same time, by placing the object files for each architecture in  
 their own directory.  To do this, you must use a version of `make' that  
 supports the `VPATH' variable, such as GNU `make'.  `cd' to the  
 directory where you want the object files and executables to go and run  
 the `configure' script.  `configure' automatically checks for the source  
 code in the directory that `configure' is in and in `..'.  
     If you have to use a `make' that does not support the `VPATH'  
 variable, you have to compile the package for one architecture at a time  
 in the source code directory.  After you have installed the package for  
 one architecture, use `make distclean' before reconfiguring for another  
 Installation Names  
     By default, `make install' will install the package's files in  
 `/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/man', etc.  You can specify an  
 installation prefix other than `/usr/local' by giving `configure' the  
 option `--prefix=PATH'.  
     You can specify separate installation prefixes for architecture-  
 specific files and architecture-independent files.  If you give  
 `configure' the option `--exec-prefix=PATH', the package will use PATH  
 as the prefix for installing programs and libraries.  Documentation and  
 other data files will still use the regular prefix.  
     In addition, if you use an unusual directory layout you can give  
 options like `--bindir=PATH' to specify different values for particular  
 kinds of files.  Run `configure --help' for a list of the directories  
 you can set and what kinds of files go in them.  
     Note that you should use the final `apparent' resting place of the  
 files as the arguments to `--prefix' and `--exec_prefix' since these  
 options often set variables that get compiled into the binaries.  When  
 you actually do `make install' to install the program, pass the `actual'  
 resting place on the `make' line.  For example, if ascend appears to  
 live in /usr/local/bin/ascend but that is actually a symbolic link to  
 /afs/cs/local/ascend/@sys/omega/bin/ascend, you should:  
         configure --prefix=/usr/local  
         make install prefix=/afs/cs/local/ascend/@sys/omega  
 Optional Features  
     For packages that use the X Window System, `configure' can usually  
 find the X include and library files automatically, but if it doesn't,  
 you can use the `configure' options `--x-includes=DIR' and  
 `--x-libraries=DIR' to specify their locations.  
 Specifying the System Type  
     There may be some features `configure' can not figure out  
 automatically, but needs to determine by the type of host the package  
 will run on.  Usually `configure' can figure that out, but if it prints  
 a message saying it can not guess the host type, give it the  
 `--host=TYPE' option.  TYPE can either be a short name for the system  
 type, such as `sun4', or a canonical name with three fields:  
 See the file `config/config.sub' for the possible values of each field.  
 If `config/config.sub' isn't included in this package, then this package  
 doesn't need to know the host type.  
 Sharing Defaults  
     If you want to set default values for `configure' scripts to share,  
 you can create a site shell script called `config.site' that gives  
 default values for variables like `CC', `cache_file', and `prefix'.  
 `configure' looks for `PREFIX/share/config.site' if it exists, then  
 `PREFIX/etc/config.site' if it exists.  Or, you can set the  
 `CONFIG_SITE' environment variable to the location of the site script.  
 A warning: not all `configure' scripts look for a site script.  
 Operation Controls  
     `configure' recognizes the following options to control how it  
     Print a summary of the options to `configure', and exit.  
     Do not print messages saying which checks are being made.  
     Look for the package's source code in directory DIR.  Usually  
     `configure' can determine that directory automatically.  
     Print the version of Autoconf used to generate the `configure'  
     script, and exit.  
 `configure' also accepts some other, not widely useful, options.  
                               Getting Help  
     To get help in building ASCEND, please send email to  
 ascend+build@edrc.cmu.edu or fill in the form on the contact page off  
 our home page: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~ascend/  
     If your mailer can't cope with the + in the address, send the  
 information requested on the form to ascend-www@vagu.edrc.cmu.edu.  
 $Revision: 1.8 $  
 $Date: 2000/01/25 02:13:24 $  
 $Source: /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/ascend/Repository/INSTALL,v $  
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